National legal framework

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Legislation on the protection of personal data at national level based on the general personal law protected by state, fundamental rights and freedoms embodied in the Constitution of the Slovak Republic. Pursuant to its Article 19 (2) and (3) everyone has the right to protection against unauthorized interference in private and family life and to protection against unauthorized collection, publication, or other misuse of personal data. The Article 16 the Slovak Constitution states that the inviolability of the person and its privacy is guaranteed whereby we mean the inviolability of privacy in connection with the whole area of intimate personal life and not only in terms of protecting the home and what goes on behind the doors of our house or apartment. However, just a justified concern on personal data breach cannot be considered for violation of this right. Those constitutional rights are implemented in particular into the Act no. 122/2013 Coll. on Personal Data Protection and about Amendment of other Acts.


At the national level, the protection of personal data laid down in particular in the following legal standards:

  • Constitutional Act. 460/1992 Coll. Constitution of the Slovak Republic, as amended
  • Act no. 122/2013 Coll. on Protection of Personal Data and about amendment of other acts
  • Act no. 122/2013 Coll. on Protection of Personal Data and about amendment of other acts resulting from amendments and additions executed by the Act No 84/2014 Coll.
  • Act no.84/2014 Coll. which amends Act. no. 122/2013 Coll. on Protection of Personal Data and about amendment of other acts
  • Decree no. 164/2013 of the Office for Personal Data Protection of the Slovak Republic on an extent of a safety measures documentation
  • Decree no. 117/2014 which amends Decree no. 164/2013 of the Office for Personal Data Protection of the Slovak Republic on an extent of a safety measures documentation
  • Decree 165/2013 of the Office for Personal Data Protection of the Slovak Republic which constitutes particulars on an exam for an execution of a function of the data protection officer
  • Act no. 40/1964 Coll. Civil Code, as amended
  • Act no. 71/1967 Coll. on Administrative Proceedings (Administrative Procedure Act), as amended
  • Act no. 300/2005 Coll. Penal Code, as amended
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2018 Office for Personal Data Protection of the Slovak Republic